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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 77-81

Comparison of anthropometric indices in predicting the risk of hypertension, Iran - 2014

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
3 Department of Cardiology, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
4 Faculty of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Andishe Hamedi
Shirvan Center of Higher Health Education, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Shirvan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCA.IJCA_27_18

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Purpose: The best anthropometric index has not been established to investigate the relationship between hypertension and obesity. Since a similar study was not conducted in Bojnurd, we began to investigate the comparison of anthropometric indices (body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios) in predicting the risk of hypertension. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on women referring to Bojnurd health centers. For analyzing the data, we used t-test, Chi-square, logistic regression, and the receiver operating characteristic curve in SPSS 19 software. Results: The prevalence of blood pressure was 53.4% (confidence interval = 46.8–60). All four anthropometric indicators were used as a screening tool for hypertension diagnosis; however, body mass index (BMI) had a higher sub-curved surface than other anthropometric indices (area under curve = 0.717). The cutoff point of BMI for predicting the risk of hypertension was 25.6. Conclusions: This study suggested that BMI as an anthropometric indicator to evaluate the risk of hypertension. Since a significant percentage of people are unaware of the existence of hypertension, continuing education is needed to encourage people to pay more attention to this problem.

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